Published Research



Hundreds of science and research papers have been published featuring Wave Gliders as an enabling technology.
Selected publications include:



Optimal path shape for range-only underwater target localization using a Wave Glider

Masmitja, Ivan, Spartacus Gomariz, Joaquin Del-Rio, Brian Kieft, Tom O’Reilly, Pierre-Jean Bouvet, and Jacopo Aguzzi

Underwater localization using acoustic signals is one of the main components in a navigation system for an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) as a more accurate alternative to dead-reckoning techniques. Although different methods based on the idea of multiple beacons have been studied, other approaches use only one beacon, which […]

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Ocean Observatories: An Engineering Challenge

Baggeroer, Arthur B., Bruce M. Howe, Peter N. Mikhalevsky, John Orcutt, and Henrik Schmidt

Observatories are important components for ocean research in most developed countries with a coastline. For many decades oceanographic institutions followed what one might term “expeditionary research”: ships went to places to investigate various ocean processes; observations were made and often sensors were deployed to record data for subsequent retrieval. […]

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Summer diatom blooms in the eastern North Pacific gyre investigated with a long-endurance autonomous surface vehicle

Anderson, Emily E., Cara Wilson, Anthony H. Knap, and Tracy A. Villareal

Satellite chlorophyll a (chl a) observations have repeatedly noted summertime phytoplankton blooms in the North Pacific subtropical gyre (NPSG), a region of open ocean that is far removed from any land-derived or Ekman upwelling nutrient sources. These blooms are dominated by N2-fixing diatom-cyanobacteria associations of the diatom genera Rhizosolenia […]

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Sea Surface Height Measurement Using a GNSS Wave Glider

Penna, Nigel T., Miguel A. Morales Maqueda, Ian Martin, Jing Guo, and Peter R. Foden

To overcome spatial and temporal limitations of sea surface height (SSH) instruments such as tide gauges, satellite altimetry and Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) buoys, we investigate the use of an unmanned, self‐propelled Wave Glider surface vehicle equipped with a geodetic GNSS receiver. Centimetric precision instantaneous SSH measurement is […]

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Seafloor geodesy: Acoustic direct-path ranging for monitoring seafloor deformation

Petersen, Florian, Heidrun Kopp, Dietrich Lange, Katrin Hannemann, and Morelia Urlaub

Abstract: The seafloor stores crucial information on sub-seafloor processes, including stress, elastic strain, and earthquakes. This information may be extracted through the nascent scientific field of seafloor geodesy. The GeoSEA (Geodetic Earthquake Observatory on the SEAfloor) array uses acoustic signals for direct-path ranging and relative positioning at mm-scale resolution […]

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Evaluation of satellite and reanalysis wind products with in situ Wave Glider wind observations in the Southern Ocean

Schmidt, Kevin M., Sebastiaan Swart, Chris Reason, and Sarah Nicholson

Abstract: Surface ocean wind datasets are required to be of high spatial and temporal resolution and high precision to accurately force or be assimilated into coupled atmosphere-ocean numerical models and understand ocean-atmospheric processes. In situ observed sea surface winds from the Southern Ocean are scarce and consequently the validity […]

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Sustained Measurements of Southern Ocean Air-Sea Coupling from a Wave Glider Autonomous Surface Vehicle

Thomson, J., and J. Girton

Abstract: The four-month mission of a Wave Glider in the Southern Ocean has demonstrated the capability for an autonomous surface vehicle to make sustained measurements of air-sea interactions in remote regions. Several new sensor payloads were integrated for this mission, including a three-axis sonic anemometer for turbulent wind stress […]

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Communications relay and autonomous tracking applications for Wave Glider

O'Reilly, Thomas C., Brian Kieft, and Mark Chaffey

Abstract: MBARI biological oceanographers make increasing use of mobile autonomous sensor platforms to observe dynamic phenomena, and require near real-time data in order to focus resources on rapidly evolving areas of interest. We have implemented a Wave Glider-based payload called Hot Spot that creates a disruption-tolerant communications network between […]

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Results of the first Wave Glider experiment in the southern Tyrrhenian Sea

Aulicino, Giuseppe, et al.

Abstract: A wave-propelled autonomous vehicle (Wave Glider) instrumented with a variety of oceanographic and meteorological sensors was launched from Gulf of Naples on the 12th of September 2012 for a two-week mission in the Southern Tyrrhenian Sea. The main objective of the mission was a preliminary evaluation of the […]

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An ocean bottom seismic observatory with near real‐time telemetry

Berger, J., G. Laske, J. Babcock, and J. Orcutt

Abstract: We describe a new technology that can provide near real-time telemetry of sensor data from the ocean bottom without a moored buoy or a cable to shore. The breakthrough technology that makes this system possible is an autonomous surface vehicle called a Wave Glider developed by Liquid Robotics,

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Wave Glider Monitoring of Sediment Transport and Dredge Plumes in a Shallow Marine Sandbank Environment

Van Lancker, Vera, and Matthias Baeye

Abstract: As human pressure on the marine environment increases, safeguarding healthy and productive seas increasingly necessitates integrated, time- and cost-effective environmental monitoring. Employment of a Wave Glider proved very useful for the study of sediment transport in a shallow sandbank area in the Belgian part of the North Sea. […]

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A Review of the 2014 Gulf of Mexico Wave Glider® Field Program

Fitzpatrick, Patrick J., et al.

Abstract: Sustained observations of oceanographic and atmospheric boundary layer conditions are imperative for the investigation of tropical cyclone genesis, for numerical model input to predict track and intensity, and in general, for many environmental monitoring needs. We present preliminary results of a Fall 2014 100-day deployment of Wave Glider […]

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NOAA Research Laboratory Work